In a nutshell, information is structured, processed and organised information designed for a specific purpose. Information is used by people and organisations for a variety of purposes ranging from information security to product creation, knowledge management to researching trends. In fact information is the backbone of all modern-day industries and forms the crux of much of the information architecture that is carried out every day.
There are two main types of information technology; Application and Data interchange (ADI). An application development environment (ADE) refers to the software, hardware and other technologies that facilitate interaction between systems, the users and the business. On the other hand, database management software provides tools for information technology developers to design, construct and operate the information architecture.
Information technology infrastructure (ITI) refers to the computer systems that are required to support the application and database management software development environment (DMS). The ITI architecture typically comprises servers, storage area networks (SAN), network interfaces, computer networking devices and computer system client computers. An information technology investment may provide ITI, or it may require some specialization. Typical industries that utilize information technology include telecommunications, banking, consumer and retail, consumer packaged goods businesses, government and education. In particular the ITI areas of computer-related jobs such as software development, information technology support, database management software testing are quite popular.
A number of international agencies have been set up to promote information technology, such as the US Small Business Administration, US Department of Defense and Department of Homeland Security. Similarly, the UK’s Cabinet Office has been designated the lead provider of a national information technology strategy. The UK government also conducts its own national information technology strategic assessments.
The role of an information technology adviser in the international arena can be understood from the perspective of his duties in the information systems and data analysis industry. The information systems adviser analyzes a company’s information technology infrastructure, develops a business case, provides managerial leadership and facilitates the transition to current IT policies and practices. He or she will also facilitate the transition to the new information technology infrastructure. This includes evaluating the impact on costs, networks, productivity and adoption. Advisors play a key role in the development environment of a company. They assist in the identification of resources needed for implementation, develop and maintain business processes and evaluate the cost savings that will result.
Advisors also provide information security advice and serve as information technology policy managers. They collaborate with corporate management and provide advice on information security policies, assessing and recommending solutions that meet business needs while providing the greatest security. Advisors help IT departments develop and implement information technology policies. They maintain regular correspondence with service providers to ensure that their customers are served by a properly functioning IT network. Advisors assist service providers in the implementation of information technology solutions that meet customer needs, assess and improve service delivery, technical support and cost objectives, and monitor and track performance. Their work contributes to the betterment of information technology.